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Photo Album with Photographs Taken Aboard the USS New York by Fireman 2nd Class Charles F. Ladeau during the Operation Crossroads nuclear weapons test at Bikini Atoll in July 1946.

219 b&w photos ranging in size from 2x3 to 4x5, five 8x10, one 11x14 (a well worn photo of the entire company), a little more than half are attached to the album pages, rest are loose, except for a handful most are unlabeled, album is oblong 10x14, floral embossed stiff brown covers bound with brown cord, 68 pp with photos and ephemera on 34 pages. Extremities worn, corners bumped and worn, front outer hinge cracking, contents including photos are very good with the exception of a slight damp smell. Operation Crossroads was a nuclear weapons test to study the effects of nuclear explosions on ships, planes, nature. The target fleet consisted of more than 70 vessels with a support fleet of 150+ ships which provided housing among the many tasks. The USS New York was Task Group 1.2, the target vessel group under Joint Task Force One as part of Operation Crossroads. This group was responsible for prepping and placing target vessels for the tests, salvaging and providing rescue assistance to damaged/strained/distressed vessels, evacuate ships at times of tests, furnishing boats and boat crews to the boat patrol and finally to provide boats from target vessels for radsafe reconnaissance and transport of inspection groups. The first test, Able, which took place above the water on July 1, 1946 was not as successful as the second test, Baler, which took place on July 25, 1946 underwater. At 8:35 a.m. the bomb was detonated, its energy yield 23,000 tons of TNT, identical to the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki. After the explosion a radioactive surge of water covered most of the vessels. Around Aug. 1, a decontamination program was initiated, work crews washed the ships’ exteriors, radiation monitors were used during this process. Later in August, the vessels were moved to non-contaminated waters and the process continued throughout August and September. The USS New York survived both explosions and the effects of radiation on her were studied. She was sunk in July of 1948 as a target, being destroyed by full-scale battle operations. The photos in this collection show the USS New York in the San Francisco harbor, departing along with the USS Saratoga for the tests, effects of the Baker bomb (mushroom clouds, water flooding over the ship, sailors cleaning the ship’s exterior after the test, parts of an airplane that were welded to the deck as part of the tests, views of other ships, shipmates, starboard engine room showing gauges, controls, etc., shore leave. Along with the photos are ephemera, attached and loose: typed instructions on Crossroads, Bikini JTF-One short snorter with signatures, mess chits Coral Reef Tavern Operation Crossroads ticket, JTF Atomic Bomb Test Card, USS New York starboard watch card, liberty pass for USS Iowa with Iowa Division M button, card for US Naval Separation Center, Ladeau’s dog tag, a bronze WWII medal with ribbon pin, WWII ribbon bar, insurance brochure for discharged Navy men, state ID card, union card and watch face for an antimagnetic-incablock Canoe watch. Photos include a nice 8x10 of the New York. Sold as a lot.

Book Id: 98-9605

Price: $1,250.00

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